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Inspections and Breaches
The aim of the inspection is to ensure that legal and natural person applies all necessary measures to protect people and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.

Tasks of inspections are:
 
  • to organize and perform the inspections of legal or natural person, enterprises, conducting activities with sources of ionizing radiation, and to estimate how they follow the requirements laid down in the legal documents on radiation protection;
  • to apply sanctions to legal and natural persons who have committed breaches;
  • to carry out other measures to ensure adequate implementation of the radiation protection and physical safety requirements.
 
Inspections could be planned and unplanned:
 
  • planned inspections are performed according the State radiation protections supervision annual plan and the Regulation of State Radiation Protection Supervision;
  • unplanned inspections could be performed by the order of the director, deputy director or heads of divisions of radiation protection supervision and control of Radiation Protection Centre.
 
Inspections are divided into target and complex inspections:
 
  • target inspections are carried out to evaluate separate activities with the ionizing radiation sources (x-ray diagnostics, nuclear medicine, industry radiography etc.), elimination of previous inspections breaches or activities which do not require RPC licence although it is possible to detect orphan sources;
  • complex inspections are carried out to evaluate all activities with sources of ionizing radiation of legal or natural persons.

INSPECTIONS

According Regulations of State Radiation Protection Supervision, 657 inspections (644 entities) were performed in 2015. The average duration of the inspection - 1 h 54 min.

 

Distribution of inspections in 2015 according to activity area 

No.

Activity area

Number of entities

Inspected entities

Number of entities with violations found

 

Total number

Number of inspection

Type of inspection

 

Total

With radiological measurements

Planned

Unplanned

 
 

1.

Medicine

1288

445

456

232

265

191

113

 

2.

Veterinary

25

10

10

6

5

5

2

 

3.

Science and education

12

8

9

8

4

5

2

 

4.

Industry

66

37

37

21

25

13

13

 

5.

Other activity area

181

141

142

104

105

36

31

 

6.

Combined activities

18

3

3

3

3

 

1

 

Total:

1590

644

657

374

407

250

162

 

Target inspections are carried out annually to implement the annual RSC work plan aiming to assess how radiation protection requirements are implemented in a specific area (ensuring physical security of sources, occupational exposure, etc.). 

 

BREACHES

 

Despite all the measures applied to ensure implementation of radiation protection requirements, the number of objects where breaches were found is not decreasing, in 2015, 162 legal persons had breaches during performing activities with the sources of ionizing radiation. The most common ones are the following:

 

  • the workers did not attend training course in the field of radiation protection in time;
  • untimely reported on the changes of the conditions of the license for activities with the sources of ionizing radiation;
  • data about ionizing radiation sources is not provided in time to the State Register of Sources of Ionizing Radiation and Occupational Exposure;
  • dose rate measurements at working places, quality control tests and quality control measurements of the individual protection measures are not performed in time;

 

Most of the breaches were eliminated during the inspection or within a specified period of time and did not cause a threat to others. However, 21 administrative sanctions were applied in 2015.   

 

Last update 03/05/2016


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rsc@rsc.lt
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