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   All basic infrastructure and functional requirements for preparedness and liquidation of consequences of nuclear or radiological emergency are legalized in the Republic of Lithuania.

 

  The common emergency preparedness to emergency and special preparedness to nuclear or radiological emergency are regulated in the following basic legal acts:

 

I. LAWS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

  • The Law on Civil Protection establishes the legal and organizational framework for the organization and functioning of the civil protection and rescue system, the rights and duties of state and municipal institutions, economic entities in the sphere of civil protection;
  • The Law on Nuclear Energy regulates public relations arising during use of nuclear electric energy and production of heat energy, as well as for other peaceful purposes. This Law establishes the legal framework for nuclear energy, the functions of the competent authorities in the areas of the formulation and implementation of nuclear energy policy and management, regulation, supervision and control in the field of nuclear energy;
  • The Law on Radiation Protection regulates relations of legal entities and natural persons arising from practices involving sources of ionizing radiation and radioactive waste management. This Law establishes the legal framework for radiation protection aimed at protecting people and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation;
  • The Law on the Management of Radioactive Waste regulates public relations arising during the management of radioactive waste and establishes the legal framework for them.

 

II. RESOLUTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

  • The Rules on the Handling of Orphan Radioactive Sources, Substances of Orphan Nuclear Fuel Cycle, Orphan Nuclear and Fissile Substances and Objects Contaminated with Radioactive Material are approved by the Resolution on the Implementation of the Law on Radiation Protection and determines the actions of the state and municipal institutions, radioactive waste manager and other legal and natural persons in a case of discovery, identification, suspension, melted or suspecting, that discovered, identified, suspended, melted orphan radioactive sources, objects contaminated with radioactive material, orphan nuclear fuel cycle, orphan nuclear and fissile substances, also consumer products or substances containing radionuclides and detected radioactive sources in or on the body of a person are emitting ionizing radiation, that exceeds the background natural ionizing radiation;
  • The State Emergency Management Plan identifies the mobilization of material and human resources and the management of them in the event of an imminent or actual state level emergency. There are described the arrangement of management of state-level emergency. The responsible and the providing state institutions are appointed in the Plan in case of emergency including radiological emergency;
  • The State Plan of Public Protection in Case of Nuclear or Radiological Accident describes civil protection measures of state institutions organizing and taking protective actions in a case of nuclear or radiological emergency at a nuclear facility in the Republic of Lithuania or outside the state;
  • The Regulation of Organizing of Rescue, Search and Urgent Works, Liquidation of Emergency and its Consequences determines the organizing of rescue, search and urgent works, management of civil protection system forces during these woks, coordination of actions of civil protection systems subjects including coordination of action in site of radiological emergency;
  • The Regulation of Dosimetric Control in the Case of Radiological and Nuclear Accident establishes general requirements for dosimetric control of residents, environment and people, who liquidate nuclear or radiological accident in its trouble-spot and control area;
  • The Regulation of Residents Information in Case of Radiation or Nuclear Emergency determines the general public information procedures and measures that ensures timely provision of operational information about the health protection measures for residents in case of radiation or nuclear emergency;
  • The Regulation of Organization of Residents Evacuation determines the organization of residents’ evacuation under the threat or in case of emergency including radiological emergency;
  • The Regulation of Training of Civil Protection establishes purposes and goals of the training of civil protection. The Regulation determines organization, planning of the training of civil protection, its frequency and duration also etc.;
  • The Regulation for Organization of Civil Protection Exercise establishes types, levels of the exercises of civil protection. The Regulation also determines organization, planning and assessment of it etc. 

 

III. ORDERS OF THE MINISTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA 

  • The Rules for Sampling in Case of Radiological or Nuclear Accident, approved by the order of Minister of Health and Minister of Environment of the Republic of Lithuania, determine sampling methods and the protocols to the institutions in advance to prepare for sampling and radiological measurements for ensuring the data reporting in case of radiological or nuclear accident;
  • Lithuanian hygiene standards, approved by the orders of Minister of Health, set out the basic radiation safety standards and the general and operational criteria:
    • HN 73:2018 “Basic Standard of Radiation Protection” establishes intervention levels and dose levels in case of emergency exposure when intervention is under all conditions. Also the hygiene standard determines obligatory preparedness of the undertaking for implementation of intervention, requirements of emergency plans etc.;
    • HN 99:2019 Protective Actions of General Public in Case of Radiological or Nuclear Accident establishes generic criteria and operational interventional levels for protective and remedial actions in a case of nuclear or radiological accident.

 

IV. ORDERS OF DIRECTOR OF RADIATION PROTECTION CENTRE

  • The Recommendations on Decontamination of People in a Case of a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency establishes tasks of decontamination point, conditions for the site selection, preparation and provision of premises, preparedness of decontamination point staff, radioactive contamination control of decontaminated persons and decontamination procedures;
  • Preventive Actions Plan for a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency 2019-2021, describes implemented preventive measures, which are within the competence of the Radiation Protection Centre;
  • The Recommendations on Emergency Preparedness Categories and their Identification Criteria in a Case of Radiological Emergency, that can Occur during Practice with Sources of Ionizing Radiation, with the Exception of Activities with Sources of Ionizing Radiation in the Nuclear Energy Area describes emergency preparedness categories III and IV and theirs identification criteria in a case or radiological emergency, that can occur during practice with sources of ionizing radiation (with the exception of generators of ionizing radiation), with the exception of activities with sources of ionizing radiation in the nuclear energy area; 
  • The Rules of Dosimetric Control in Case of Nuclear or Radiological Accident establishes requirements of dosimetric control for emergency workers, vehicles, equipment etc. in the focus of nuclear or radiological emergency. The Rules also establish methods of dosimetry, the objectives of which are to avoid unjustified exposure of emergency workers, to estimate their working time in the areas of acute exposure, that radioactive materials shall not spread outside the contaminated area etc.;
  • The Regulation of Training of Radiation Protection Centre’s Officials and Employees on Civil Protection and Preparedness for Response to Radiological and Nuclear Emergency establishes purposes, goals, types and organization, planning of trainings of Radiation Protection Centre’s officials and employees, its frequency and duration etc.;
  • The Methodological Recommendations on Organizing of Activity of Personal Health Care Institutions in Case of Nuclear or Radiological Emergency establish recommendations on organizing of first aid and medical treatment of victims injured during nuclear or radiological emergency;
  • The Recommendations on Handling of Human Remains Contaminated with Radioactive Materials due to Nuclear or Radiological Emergency determine general radiation protection requirements recommended for handling of human remains.

 

V. IAEA PUBLICATIONS ON PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE TO NUCLEAR AND RADIOLOGICAL EMERGENCY 

 

VI. OTHER PUBLICATIONS 

 

For more information on emergency preparedness, please contact:

  •  Paulius Ruželė, Head of the Division of Emergency Management and Training
    ph. +370 5 236 19 36; fax. +370 5 276 36 33; e-mail paulius.ruzele@rsc.lt 

 

  • Danutė Šidiškienė, specialist of the Division of Emergency Management and Training
    ph. +370-5 236 19 36; fax. +370 5 276 36 33; e-mail danute.sidiskiene@rsc.lt

 

  • Alma Minelgienė, chief specialist of the Division of Emergency Management and Training

ph. +370-5 236 19 36; fax. +370 5 276 36 33; e-mail alma.minelgiene@rsc.lt 

 

  • Aneta Bogdanovič, chief specialist of the Division of Emergency Management and Training
    ph. +370-5 236 19 36; fax. +370 5 276 36 33; e-mail aneta.bogdanovic@rsc.lt 

 

Last updated 17 July 2020  


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